Three Ways To Make A Water Well For Industrial Processes

Posted on: 11 September 2020

If you are interested in establishing a water well for your industrial or manufacturing business, then you may wonder how they are constructed. The three main water well construction methods are mud rotary, bucket, and reverse circulation drilling.

Mud Rotary

Mud rotary drilling is a water well construction method where a drilling-specific pipe is driven into the ground before fluids, such as water, are pushed through it. Once the water seeps into the ground, the mud is collected and the fluid is reused to create more space until the proper depth is achieved. This form of drilling can be useful for land that does not have distinct layers nor dense areas, or other consolidated earth formations. If the land that you have leased or bought for industrial purposes has more distinct layers, then other methods may work better, such as the bucket drilling method.


Bucket drilling refers to a form of drilling where the water well is essentially dug out with a rotating bucket with both teeth and flaps at the bottom. The bucket fills with soil as the kelly (the large earthmoving machine that manipulates drilling technology) rotates the bucket. Once the bucket is full, the flaps at the bottom close and the kelly pulls the whole contraption up and allows the soil to be dumped elsewhere. This method can be useful to those that need large holes or holes in areas where other drilling methods may be difficult, such as in stratified soils.

Reverse Circulation

Finally, reverse circulation drilling allows for the construction of water wells using an inner drill to push fluids (and air) through the ground and an outer drill to constantly return those fluids (and any extra materials, known as cuttings) back to the earthmoving equipment. This allows for a constant drilling process that does not need to spend time waiting for the fluids to be pumped back, such as with mud rotary drilling, nor focus any attention on the earth itself until after each step of the drilling process is completed, unlike bucket drilling. This method is also useful for those wanting to limit their water usage. 

Water wells are made with either mud rotary drilling, bucket drilling, or reverse circulation drilling. These methods generally employ the use of non-water fluids to keep drilled areas stable before the sides are filled with your water well interior material of choice. Talk with the water well construction company you work with to determine which drilling method is the best for the land you are using.

If you are looking for more information, contact professionals like those at Uni Tech Drilling Company Inc.